- Creating a Race (2)
- Creating Animals (2)
- Disease (2)
- Ecosystems (2)
- Evolution (and Space)
- Flora and Fauna
- Inventing Species
- List of Legendary Creatures
- Night Vision/Color Vision
Constructed Language (Conlang)
- Basics/Phonology (2) (3)
- Conlang Guide
- Conlang vs. English
- Creating a Language (Revised)
- Culture + Language
- Curse Words
- How to Create Your Own Language
- How to Create a Language
- IPA Pronunciation
- Making Up Words
- 7 Deadly Sins
- Alien Cultures (2)
- Alternative Medieval
- Avoiding Cultural Appropriation
- Avoiding Medieval Fantasy (2)
- Avoiding One-Note Worlds
- Avoiding Utopia
- Change (2)
- Class/Caste System (2)
- Designing Intellectual Movements
- Everything (2) (3)
- Gender-Equal Societies
- Historical Background for Ideas (2)
- Matriarchy (2)
- Static World
- Wandering Peoples
- Basic Economics
- Currency (2) (3)
- Current Global Economies
- Economic Systems
- Economics (1500-1800 AD)
- Economics and Government
- Economics for Dummies
- International Trade (2)
- Marxist Communism
- Medieval Economics
- Schools of Economic Thought
- Socialism (2)
- Types of Economic Systems
- World Economy (2)
- Clothing Terminology (2) (3) (4)
- Clothing Reference
- Education (2)
- Fame and Infamy
- Food (2)
- Food Timeline
- Collective/Traditionalist Societies
- Creating a Government
- Empire (2)
- Fancy Latin Names for Government
- History and Politics
- International Relations (2)
- Justice System
- Non-monarchical (2) (3)
- Oppressive Government
- Political Ideologies
- Rise and Fall of Civilizations
- Secret Societies
- Shapeshifter Society
- Totalitarianism, Atmosphere Necessary For
- Tribal Society
- Types of Government
- Writing Politics
How to draw ‘the other eye’. Because people keep complaining.
The answer? You don’t draw a whole eye first.
You do it part by part, then make adjustments and add details as you please.
If you draw the whole eye first you’ll just stress over making the other eye as similar as possible. This way it’s also easier to adjust and correct.
Aside from that last step with the ‘transform’ tool, this also applies for traditional art.
Hope this helps!
THE WORLD MUST KNOW
‘Kiss Scene rough sketches - Drawing for Boys Love (Yaoi)‘ A 103 page book/CD rom with male/male kissing scenes, from many different angles, for artist drawing references.
Other art references like this can be found here:
A fabulous fuck-ton of male/male love references (per request).
And I’m gonna add the following:
DO NOT JUDGE THE IMAGES BY THE PIXELATED THUMBNAILS. These are very good/accurate poses once you enlarge ‘em (I wouldn’t be sharin’ ‘em if they weren’t).
…. I have this book….
- Alternate World: A setting that is not our world, but may be similar. This includes “portal fantasies” in which characters find an alternative world through their own. An example would be The Chronicles of Narnia.
- Arabian: Fantasy that is based on the Middle East and North Africa.
- Arthurian: Set in Camelot and deals with Arthurian mythology and legends.
- Bangsian: Set in the afterlife or deals heavily with the afterlife. It most often deals with famous and historical people as characters. An example could be The Lovely Bones.
- Celtic: Fantasy that is based on the Celtic people, most often the Irish.
- Christian: This genre has Christian themes and elements.
- Classical: Based on Roman and Greek myths.
- Contemporary: This genre takes place in modern society in which paranormal and magical creatures live among us. An example would be the Harry Potter series.
- Dark: This genre combines fantasy and horror elements. The tone or feel of dark fantasy is often gloomy, bleak, and gothic.
- Epic: This genre is long and, as the name says, epic. Epic is similar to high fantasy, but has more importance, meaning, or depth. Epic fantasy is most often in a medieval setting.
- Gaslamp: Also known as gaslight, this genre has a Victorian or Edwardian setting.
- Gunpowder: Gunpowder crosses epic or high fantasy with “rifles and railroads”, but the technology remains realistic unlike the similar genre of steampunk.
- Heroic: Centers on one or more heroes who start out as humble, unlikely heroes thrown into a plot that challenges them.
- High: This is considered the “classic” fantasy genre. High fantasy contains the general fantasy elements and is set in a fictional world.
- Historical: The setting in this genre is any time period within our world that has fantasy elements added.
- Medieval: Set between ancient times and the industrial era. Often set in Europe and involves knights. (medieval references)
- Mythic: Fantasy involving or based on myths, folklore, and fairy tales.
- Portal: Involves a portal, doorway, or other entryway that leads the protagonist from the “normal world” to the “magical world”.
- Quest: As the name suggests, the protagonist in this genre sets out on a quest. The protagonist most frequently searches for an object of importance and returns home with it.
- Sword and Sorcery: Pseudomedieval settings in which the characters use swords and engage in action-packed plots. Magic is also an element, as is romance.
- Urban: Has a modern or urban setting in which magic and paranormal creatures exist, often in secret.
- Wuxia: A genre in which the protagonist learns a martial art and follows a code. This genre is popular in Chinese speaking areas.
Word counts for fantasy are longer than other genres because of the need for world building. Even in fantasy that takes place in our world, there is a need for the introduction of the fantasy aspect.
Word counts for established authors with a fan base can run higher because publishers are willing to take a higher chance on those authors. First-time authors (who have little to no fan base) will most likely not publish a longer book through traditional publishing. Established authors may also have better luck with publishing a novel far shorter than that genre’s expected or desired word count, though first-time authors may achieve this as well.
A general rule of thumb for first-time authors is to stay under 100k and probably under 110k for fantasy.
Other exceptions to word count guidelines would be for short fiction (novellas, novelettes, short stories, etc.) and that one great author who shows up every few years with a perfect 200k manuscript.
But why are there word count guidelines? For young readers, it’s pretty obvious why books should be shorter. For other age groups, it comes down to the editor’s preference, shelf space in book stores, and the cost of publishing a book. The bigger the book, the more expensive it is to publish.
- General Fantasy: 75k - 110k
- Epic Fantasy: 90k - 120k
- Contemporary Fantasy: 90k - 120k
- Urban Fantasy: 80k - 100k
- Middle Grade: 45k - 70k
- YA: 75k - 120k (depending on sub-genre)
- Adult: 80k - 120k (depending on sub-genre)
A pseudo-European medieval setting is fine, but it’s overdone. And it’s always full of white men and white women in disguise as white men because around 85% (ignore my guess/exaggeration, I only put it there for emphasis) of fantasy writers seem to have trouble letting go of patriarchal societies.
Guys. It’s fantasy. You can do whatever you want. You can write a fantasy that takes place in a jungle. Or in a desert. Or in a prairie. The people can be extremely diverse in one region and less diverse in another. The cultures should differ. Different voices should be heard. Queer people exist. People of color exist. Not everyone has two arms or two legs or the ability to hear.
As for the fantasy elements, you also make up the rules. Don’t go searching around about how a certain magic spell is done, just make it up. Magic can be whatever color you want. It can be no color at all. You can use as much or as little magic as you want.
Keep track of what you put into your world and stick to the rules. There should be limits, laws, cultures, climates, disputes, and everything else that exists in our world. However, you don’t have to go over every subject when writing your story.
- Fantasy World Building Questionnaire
- Magical World Builder’s Guide
- Creating Fantasy and Science Fiction Worlds
- Creating Religions
- Quick and Dirty World Building
- World Building Links
- Fantasy World Building Questions
- The Seed of Government (2)
- Guide to Science Fiction and Fantasy
- Fantasy Worlds and Race
- Water Geography
- Alternate Medieval Fantasy Story
- Writing Magic
- Types of Magic
- When Magic Goes Wrong
- Magic-Like Psychic Abilities
- Science and Magic
- Creative Uses of Magic
- Thoughts on Creating Magic Systems
- Defining the Sources, Effects, and Costs of Magic
- World Building Basics
- Mythology Master Post
- Fantasy Religions
- Setting the Fantastic in the Everyday World
- Making Histories
- Matching Your Money to Your World
- Building a Better Beast
- A Man in Beast’s Clothing
- Creating and Using Fictional Languages
- Creating a Language
- Creating Fictional Holidays
- Creating Holidays
- Weather and World Building 101
- Describing Fantastic Creatures
- Medieval Technology
- Music For Your Fantasy World
- A heterogeneous World
- Articles on World Building
- Grand List of Fantasy Cliches (most of this can be debated)
- Fantasy Cliches Discussion
- Ten Fantasy Cliches That Should Be Put to Rest
- Seven Fantasy Cliches That Need to Disappear
- Avoiding Fantasy Cliches 101
- Avoiding Fantasy Cliches
- Fantasy Cliches
- Fantasy Cliche Meter: The Bad Guys
- Fantasy Novelist’s Exam
- Mary Sue Race Test
Note: Species (like elves and dwarves) are not cliches. The way they are executed are cliches.
I made these as a way to compile all the geographical vocabulary that I thought was useful and interesting for writers. Some descriptors share categories, and some are simplified, but for the most part everything is in its proper place. Not all the words are as useable as others, and some might take tricky wording to pull off, but I hope these prove useful to all you writers out there!
(save the images to zoom in on the pics)
An awesome fuck-ton of female anatomy references [part 2].
Fanfic authors: READ THE WHOLE FUCKING PAGE
THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AND VALUABLE LESSONS YOU CAN LEARN AS A WRITER. I SAY THIS AS A READER AND A PROFESSIONAL GENRE EDITOR.
*STANDARD DISCLAIMER* I’m not handing down life lessons or trying to assert that there’s a ‘correct way’ to draw. I’m just trying to make perspective more approachable for thems that want to tackle it.
Okay. Let’s do this.
1. Understand what perspective is and what it’s for. Stay away from rulers while you get comfortable.
Everyone struggles with perspective because 1. it’s not well or widely taught and 2. artists tend to see linear perspective as a set of rules rather than a set of tools.
Linear perspective is a TOOL we use to create and depict SPACE. That’s it. That’s all it is. Your goal is not to draw in ‘accurate linear perspective.’ Stay away from the ruler and precision for as long as you can. Your goal is to create the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface. Perspective is just a tool to help you construct and correct that space.
2. Know in your bones that you can ONLY learn to draw in perspective through physical practice. There is no other way.
Grab some paper and draw with me. If you match me drawing for drawing you will be more fluent in linear perspective and spatial drawing by the end of this post. Unfortunately if you don’t, you won’t be.
3. Sketch around in rough perspective. NO RULERS.
So let’s make some simple space. let’s start with a two dimensional surface…
K. We have a flat, 2D surface. Let’s create some depth by putting a vanishing point in the middle, and having parallel lines converge towards it. Make a gridded plane inside that space.
Good. Let’s make that space meaningful by adding a dude and a road or something. (Again, parallel ‘depth lines’ will converge into the vanishing point along the horizon)
And now we have the rough illusion of some space. I didn’t use any rulers, and it’s not perfectly accurate, but we got our depth from that vanishing point right in the middle of the page. And since we have a little dude in there, we’ve got human scale, which allows us to gauge the size of the space we’ve created. Gives it meaning.
You need people or cars or some recognizable, human-scale THING in there as a frame of reference or your space won’t mean much to your viewer. Watch. We can make that same basic space a whole lot bigger like this:
Same vanishing point in the same place, completely different scale, and a totally different feeling of space. Cool, right?
3. Sketch around in rough perspective MORE. STAY LOOSE.
See what sort of spaces and feelings you can create with vanishing points and gridded planes on a post-it or something. Super small, super rough. Feel it out. Pick a vanishing point or lay out a grid in perspective, and MAKE SOME SPACE. Do it. Draw, I don’t know, a lady and her dog in a desert. I’ll do it, too.
Good job. LOOK AT YOU creating the illusion of space! This is how you’ll thumbnail and plan anything you want to draw in space. All of my drawings start this way. I think about how I want the viewer to feel and then play around with space and composition until I find something that works.
Once you have a sketch you like, and space that you feel, THEN you can take out the ruler and make it more accurate and convincing.
4. Draw environments from life.
I cannot stress this enough. Draw the world around you, try to draw the shapes and angles as you see them, and you will ‘get’ how and why perspective is used. Use something permanent so that you’ll move fast and commit. I usually use black prismacolor pencil.
You’ll learn or reinforce something with every drawing. I learned a lot about multiple vanishing points from this drawing:
Learned from the receding, winding space I tired to draw here:
Layered, interior spaces:
You get the idea.
Life drawing will also help you develop your own shorthand and language for depicting textures, materials, details, natural and architectural features, etc. Do it. Do it all the time. Go to pretty or interesting places just to draw them.
Take a second and just draw a quick sketch of whatever room you’re in.
5. Perspective in formal Illustration: apply what you’ve learned.
1. I always start with research. For this particular location I looked at Angkor Wat.
2. Once I had enough reference, I did a bunch of little thumbnail sketches with a very loose sense of space and picked the one I liked best.
3. Scanned the thumbnail and drew a little more clearly over it. Worked out the rough space before using formal perspective.
4. Reinforced the space with formal perspective. I dropped in pre-made vanishing points over my drawing. If I were drawing in real media here’s where I’d get out the ruler to sketch in some accurate space.
5. Drew the damn thing. Because I do my research, draw from life, and am comfortable drawing in perspective, I can wing it. I just sort of ‘build’ the ruins freehand in the space I’ve established, keeping it more or less accurate, experimenting and playing with details along the way. I erase a lot, too, both in PS and when drawing in pencil. Keeps it fun for me.
And that’s what I know about composition and perspective. If you want more formal instruction on perspective and it’s uses, you can use John Buscema’s How to Draw Comics the Marvel Way. Or If you want to get really intense about it, Andrew Loomis can help you
So I’m not sure what to call this
But I figured I’d at least try to impart my knowledge of (hank hill voice) weapons and weapon accessories.
If you like this, tell me, and I might do another tutorial some time!
- I’m not too sure about current surgeries to correct this, but I’ve known a few kids (who would be around 16 to 22-years-old now) who were born deaf and now wear hearing aids. Most of them known how to lip read and know a bit of sign language too because there are certain circumstances in which they can’t wear the hearing aid (like in the water). Some of them carry around a lanyard with a small microphone attached to it which they give to teachers and professors so they don’t miss anything.
- Find videos of deaf people speaking. I’m not really sure how to describe how it sounds, but there are differences in pronunciation among those who were born deaf and had no corrective surgery, those who had surgery, and those who went deaf a little later in childhood and beyond.
- Those who are deaf in one year can speak fine and usually don’t know how to read lips or use sign language. However, if you speak on the side of their deaf ear, they probably won’t hear you. My shop class back in high school was completely deaf in one ear and with all the machines going, my fellow students and I had to stand right in front of him to get notice.
- Being deaf doesn’t mean that person isn’t going to talk a lot. I’ve known deaf people who are quiet because that’s just in their nature and I’ve known deaf people who never stop talking.
- If the deaf person does not have a hearing aid, characters will need to be in the habit of facing the deaf character directly while speaking.
- It’s unlikely that anyone who is not a close family member (as in, living together), a long-term significant other (like being married), or a long-term friend will know enough sign language to communicate effectively. Some people might know simple phrases, but not enough to solely use that.
- If the deaf person has a hearing aid, they may turn it off when angry at others if it fits their personality.
- If the character is young, their deafness will probably affect their parents or guardians. Some won’t treat their child any different than a non-deaf child, but some will become overbearing and overprotective.
- Younger children in school may have an interpreter or an aid, depending on the child’s skills with speaking, reading lips, or using sign language.
- Deaf characters in school will often sit closer to the front of the classroom. This is not because they can’t hear in the back, but it’ll be easier to catch what someone is saying and they won’t have to ask for something to be repeated as often. If the character has the microphone, they can sit anywhere without problem (they can even hear something on another floor of the building if someone takes the microphone).
- Some deaf people can’t speak at all, but are able to make sounds.
- When writing sign language, just say: “(insert name) signed (insert phrase or action if needed).”
- Deaf people don’t center their lives around their hearing (unless they’re a strong advocate for deaf people). All the deaf people I’ve known only ever mentioned their deafness if something was wrong with their hearing aid or if we had a substitute teacher.
- American sign language has a different syntax than English. If you use that, do your research.
- Unless someone is still learning how to read lips, they don’t need everyone to speak slowly or to exaggerate annunciation.
- I’m hearing impaired and so is my father, and his father. My grandfather is in his 80’s, so obviously his hearing is not great. When talking to him, we have to speak loudly and clearly and we often have to repeat what we say. My father is a musician so he’s been around loud noises for the past thirty something years. This has really impacted his hearing, even though he wears earplugs during concerts and rehearsals. He can’t hear anything outside of the room he’s in unless it’s really loud, but if it’s a voice he’s hearing he won’t be able to make out the words.
- There’s a sort of tolerance with sound that comes with being hearing impaired. The volume at which I listen to sound has gone way up and others often tell me it’s too loud when I hear it as mild. I’m also able to take what I hear as “gibberish” when someone talks too quietly and make words out of it.
- A lot of hearing impaired people don’t like to admit it unless it’s convenient.
- Depending on the severity, those who are hearing impaired might need a hearing aid, know how to read lips, or know a bit of sign language.Other tips:
- Find a deaf beta reader if you can. Ask for a critique on accuracy and for any other tips.
HEY WRITER FRIENDS
there’s this amazing site called realtimeboard which is like a whiteboard where you can plan and draw webs and family trees and timelines and all that sort of stuff. you can also insert videos, documents, photos, and lots of other things. you can put notes and post-its and, best of all, you can invite other people to be on the board with you and edit together!!
this is really really awesome and a great tool for novel planning, so if you’re doing nanowrimo…. this could be good for you!!
thank you friendo!
feel free to add in any links!
Hey SAI users
Get your acrylic brush and give it these settings
Just trust me
At first I was like “meh” but then I blended it… damnd. I normally do cel-shading but this is pretty sweet.
oh.my.god. I like this
Reblogging for refs later
omg i like this
THE WORST PART ABOUT CONSTRUCTING YOUR OWN FICTIONAL UNIVERSE IS
THIS IS THE BLESSING OF THE WRITING GODS
I have nO idea if I explained this well haha
if I made no sense feel free to ask me questions
anyway I JUST
i see an awful lot of this
AND IT’S SUCH A SHAME
I mean theres nothing wrONg with the hair thing
it’s just that more often than not that’s aLL people do, when you could do so much more
Awesomely done! All true points~ And wonderfully illustrated~ Let’s make some awesome designs and characters everyone!